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The UN is considering a number of Security Council reforms, including the rules for the power of veto, a right given to permanent member countries.
Speaking at the UN General Assembly on Tuesday, Russian diplomat Vladimir Safronkov, deputy permanent representative of Russia to the UN, defended the right of permanent members having the power of veto in the UN Security Council, arguing its abolition would destabilise the security body.
"Veto is a building block of the UN architecture and its absence will make the organization devoid of stability," Safronkov said (TASS).
The right of veto is granted to permanent United Nations Security Council members: Russia, France, China, the UK and the US. The UN charter of 1945 granted these states permanent membership of the Security Council (UNSC). The UN was founded in 1945.
The session was one in a continuing number of discussions that have taken place in the UN over the years regarding the Security Council's reform, says TASS.
The Secretary‑General of the UN, António Guterres, has recently called for reforms of the UN Security Council, and gave an interview on Swedish national TV, SVT, which referred to the subject, [April, 2018].
Guterres said there is a structural problem in the UN Security Council. He said that it represents the world as it was after the second world war, and [in this sense], not the world of today. He also said the veto is used too often. (source: SVT)
Guterres said reform of the Security Council is necessary for complete reform of the UN.
Only one of a number of reforms being considered
The rules for the application of the right of veto are only one of a number of issues that have been discussed. Others include the best composition of the Council, and the number of permanent and non-permanent member countries (TASS).
The most recent reforms to the Security Council - as regards it's composition - was the increase of non-permanent members from six to ten, a change made in 1965. (The UN was formed in 1945).
The current and latest round of talks on reform of the UN Security Council started this year in February and recently a two-day session was held, April 30 - May 1, says TASS, which dealt with various aspects of the subject of reforms.
The UN was established in 1945 after the end of WW2. It replaced the League of Nations. The current leaders of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council are: Xi Jinping (China) Emmanuel Macron (France) Vladimir Putin (Russia) Theresa May (UK), and Donald Trump (USA).
sources include: TASS, svt.se
- By Katrina Wood